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ISO 45001:2018 Basic Principles – Introduction

ISO 45001 Requirements:

What are the major elements of ISO 45001:2018, and why they are important?

Primary Sections: 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5

Secondary Sections: 1.0, 2.0, 3.0

Requirement Sections: 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0

Guidance Section: Annex A

Implementation Tools:


Section 0.1: Background

Over 6300 people die each day from work-related accidents or diseases – that’s nearly 2.3 million every year. The burden of occupational injuries and diseases is significant, both for employers and the wider economy, resulting in losses from early retirements, staff absence, and rising insurance premiums.

Section 0.2: Aim of an OH&S Management System

To combat the problem, ISO is developing a new standard, ISO 45001 Occupational health and safety management systems – Requirements, that will help organizations reduce this burden by providing a framework to improve employee safety, reduce workplace risks and create better, safer working conditions, all over the world.

Section 0.3: Success Factors

The responsibility for the OHSMS is elevated to the highest level of an organization’s management. There is a need for top managers to ensure that a health and safety management function is aligned with the organization’s goals, strategy, and tactics.

  • Key success factors include effective processes for the identification of hazards, control of risks and taking action on the OH&S opportunities.
  • Read more about What is an OH&S Risk Analysis

Section 0.4: Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle

This section includes an emphasis on using a controlled approach for optimizing results in the traditional PDCA methodology. It also makes risk analysis/management an explicit part of the system planning and implementation process that anticipates problems from ongoing operations -and risks from embarking upon new endeavors (including its application to groups that may impact an organization such as suppliers, employees, distributors, local/national governments, etc.)

Continued emphasis on using an organization-wide improvement approach for managing health and safety, but with greater emphasis on:

  • Using tools like Plan>Do>Check>Act
  • Understanding and managing the effect of each element of the plan on other elements
  • Prioritizing management actions in terms of their contribution to desired outcome
  • Read more about Continual Improvement 

Section 0.5: Contents of this International Standard

The structure of the ISO 45001 standard creates a means for better conformity to other ISO management standards (such as ISO 14001 or ISO 9001) through adherence to a 10-clause structure, content, and terminology, making it easier to implement multiple or integrated of ISO management systems.

Please note that certain text from the ISO 45001 standard is only used for instructional purposes. Standard Stores recognizes and respects the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) copyright and intellectual property guidelines.


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